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Warning: Table './darkredw_REF_health/watchdog' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:109:\"Declaration of views_handler_field::query() should be compatible with views_handler::query($group_by = false)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:102:\"/home3/darkredw/public_html/REF-better-health/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_field.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:726;}', 3, '', 'http://www.better-health.org.uk/briefings/tackling-health-inequalities-minority-ethnic-groups-challenges-and-opportunities', '', '54.196.215.69', 1519424021) in /home3/darkredw/public_html/REF-better-health/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Table './darkredw_REF_health/watchdog' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:132:\"Declaration of views_handler_sort::options_validate() should be compatible with views_handler::options_validate($form, &$form_state)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:101:\"/home3/darkredw/public_html/REF-better-health/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_sort.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:165;}', 3, '', 'http://www.better-health.org.uk/briefings/tackling-health-inequalities-minority-ethnic-groups-challenges-and-opportunities', '', '54.196.215.69', 1519424021) in /home3/darkredw/public_html/REF-better-health/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Table './darkredw_REF_health/watchdog' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:128:\"Declaration of views_handler_sort::options_submit() should be compatible with views_handler::options_submit($form, &$form_state)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:101:\"/home3/darkredw/public_html/REF-better-health/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_sort.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:165;}', 3, '', 'http://www.better-health.org.uk/briefings/tackling-health-inequalities-minority-ethnic-groups-challenges-and-opportunities', '', '54.196.215.69', 1519424021) in /home3/darkredw/public_html/REF-better-health/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Table './darkredw_REF_health/watchdog' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:108:\"Declaration of views_handler_sort::query() should be compatible with views_handler::query($group_by = false)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:101:\"/home3/darkredw/public_html/REF-better-health/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_sort.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:165;}', 3, '', 'http://www.better-health.org.uk/briefings/tackling-health-inequalities-minority-ethnic-groups-challenges-and-opportunities', '', '54.196.215.69', 1519424021) in /home3/darkredw/public_html/REF-better-health/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Table './darkredw_REF_health/watchdog' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:134:\"Declaration of views_handler_filter::options_validate() should be compatible with views_handler::options_validate($form, &$form_state)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:103:\"/home3/darkredw/public_html/REF-better-health/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:517;}', 3, '', 'http://www.better-health.org.uk/briefings/tackling-health-inequalities-minority-ethnic-groups-challenges-and-opportunities', '', '54.196.215.69', 1519424021) in /home3/darkredw/public_html/REF-better-health/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Table './darkredw_REF_health/watchdog' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:110:\"Declaration of views_handler_filter::query() should be compatible with views_handler::query($group_by = false)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:103:\"/home3/darkredw/public_html/REF-better-health/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:517;}', 3, '', 'http://www.better-health.org.uk/briefings/tackling-health-inequalities-minority-ethnic-groups-challenges-and-opportunities', '', '54.196.215.69', 1519424021) in /home3/darkredw/public_html/REF-better-health/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Table './darkredw_REF_health/watchdog' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:62:\"Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically\";s:5:\"%file\";s:82:\"/home3/darkredw/public_html/REF-better-health/sites/all/modules/views/views.module\";s:5:\"%line\";i:903;}', 3, '', 'http://www.better-health.org.uk/briefings/tackling-health-inequalities-minority-ethnic-groups-challenges-and-opportunities', '', '54.196.215.69', 1519424021) in /home3/darkredw/public_html/REF-better-health/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Table './darkredw_REF_health/watchdog' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:105:\"Declaration of views_plugin_query::init() should be compatible with views_plugin::init(&$view, &$display)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:100:\"/home3/darkredw/public_html/REF-better-health/sites/all/modules/views/plugins/views_plugin_query.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:139;}', 3, '', 'http://www.better-health.org.uk/briefings/tackling-health-inequalities-minority-ethnic-groups-challenges-and-opportunities', '', '54.196.215.69', 1519424021) in /home3/darkredw/public_html/REF-better-health/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Table './darkredw_REF_health/watchdog' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:102:\"Declaration of views_plugin_style_default::options() should be compatible with views_object::options()\";s:5:\"%file\";s:108:\"/home3/darkredw/public_html/REF-better-health/sites/all/modules/views/plugins/views_plugin_style_default.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:25;}', 3, '', 'http://www.better-health.org.uk/briefings/tackling-health-inequalities-minority-ethnic-groups-challenges-and-opportunities', '', '54.196.215.69', 1519424021) in /home3/darkredw/public_html/REF-better-health/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Table './darkredw_REF_health/watchdog' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:130:\"Declaration of views_plugin_row::options_validate() should be compatible with views_plugin::options_validate(&$form, &$form_state)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:98:\"/home3/darkredw/public_html/REF-better-health/sites/all/modules/views/plugins/views_plugin_row.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:137;}', 3, '', 'http://www.better-health.org.uk/briefings/tackling-health-inequalities-minority-ethnic-groups-challenges-and-opportunities', '', '54.196.215.69', 1519424021) in /home3/darkredw/public_html/REF-better-health/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Table './darkredw_REF_health/watchdog' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:62:\"Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically\";s:5:\"%file\";s:82:\"/home3/darkredw/public_html/REF-better-health/sites/all/modules/views/views.module\";s:5:\"%line\";i:903;}', 3, '', 'http://www.better-health.org.uk/briefings/tackling-health-inequalities-minority-ethnic-groups-challenges-and-opportunities', '', '54.196.215.69', 1519424021) in /home3/darkredw/public_html/REF-better-health/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Table './darkredw_REF_health/watchdog' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:136:\"Declaration of views_handler_argument::options_validate() should be compatible with views_handler::options_validate($form, &$form_state)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:105:\"/home3/darkredw/public_html/REF-better-health/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_argument.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:906;}', 3, '', 'http://www.better-health.org.uk/briefings/tackling-health-inequalities-minority-ethnic-groups-challenges-and-opportunities', '', '54.196.215.69', 1519424021) in /home3/darkredw/public_html/REF-better-health/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Table './darkredw_REF_health/watchdog' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:112:\"Declaration of views_handler_argument::query() should be compatible with views_handler::query($group_by = false)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:105:\"/home3/darkredw/public_html/REF-better-health/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_argument.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:906;}', 3, '', 'http://www.better-health.org.uk/briefings/tackling-health-inequalities-minority-ethnic-groups-challenges-and-opportunities', '', '54.196.215.69', 1519424021) in /home3/darkredw/public_html/REF-better-health/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Table './darkredw_REF_health/watchdog' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:116:\"Declaration of views_plugin_argument_default::init() should be compatible with views_plugin::init(&$view, &$display)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:111:\"/home3/darkredw/public_html/REF-better-health/sites/all/modules/views/plugins/views_plugin_argument_default.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:92;}', 3, '', 'http://www.better-health.org.uk/briefings/tackling-health-inequalities-minority-ethnic-groups-challenges-and-opportunities', '', '54.196.215.69', 1519424021) in /home3/darkredw/public_html/REF-better-health/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134
Tackling health inequalities for minority ethnic groups: Challenges and opportunities | Better Health

Tackling health inequalities for minority ethnic groups: Challenges and opportunities

Author(s): Gurch Randhawa;  

Briefing series: Better Health Briefing Paper 6

Publisher: Race Equality Foundation

Publication date: July 2007

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Tackling health inequalities for minority ethnic groups: Challenges and opportunities
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Health inequalities may vary both between ethnic groups and within ethnic groups. This paper considers how health inequalities may reflect inequalities in the distribution of health determinants, such as access to good housing, transport, education and employment opportunities, and considers methods of reducing health inequalities through NHS reform.

Key messages:

  • Health inequalities exist in the UK: both between and within minority ethnic groups
  • Health inequalities vary by social class between ethnic groups and within ethnic groups
  • Health inequalities reflect inequalities in the distribution of health determinants, such as access to good housing, transport, education and employment opportunities
  • Reducing health inequalities is possible utilising the ingredients of National Health Service system reform

Sections:

  • Evidence of inequalities in health
  • Ethnicity and social class
  • Tackling health inequalities
  • Utilising the ingredients of NHS system reform